- Baraja del tarot Egipcio (Se considera el primero, y por protocolo es el que se aprende a leer e interpretar en un inicio).
- El tarot de Marsella (1960)
- La baraja Visconti
- Egiziano mazzo dei tarocchi (E 'considerato il primo, ed è il protocollo che impara a leggere e interpretare in un primo momento).
- I Tarocchi di Marsiglia (1960)
- Il mazzo Visconti
Much has been said about the oracle, clairvoyance, spiritualism, fortune-telling, chirology, etc ... since before even the Roman Empire and Ancient Greece.
It is not known with certainty the origin of the Tarot. Some date its origin in Egyptian times, others claim it comes from the East, and others determine who was in the Middle Ages. In its symbols have been detected influences as varied as Greek rites, Gnosticism, Neoplatonism, Hermeticism, the Cathars, the ancient philosophies and indicate Arab and Jewish cabal.
Other experts point out that there are many similarities between the Tarot and the ancient Indian chess, and other scholars claim that were created by Jewish Kabbalists in Fez, in the year 200.
However, most experts believe that the introduction and spread of Tarot for Europe and the West is due to the Gypsies.
There have been several Tarot since ancient times, but there is a big similarity, not to mention the word equivalence between them. However, the more acceptance Tarot of Marseilles had was composed of 22 Arkanos Arkanos Major and Minor 56. The Tarot of Marseilles had not unfolded integers and characters, numbering at the top appeared in Roman, and the name of the letter in French at the bottom. The time when data goes back to the fifteenth century. Most likely predated the tarot cards, though they are related. There is evidence that the cards are spread throughout Europe long before the fifteenth century.
Betting with cards were banned in Germany today to 1378, but in 1379 was one of the most important events of a festival in Brussels, and in the same year, the books of account of the Duke of Brabant (Belgium) recorded a sum paid for a deck. In 1380, the Nuremberg Code approved items and three years later, were authorized in Florence.
However, in 1397 the Parisians were forbidden even play cards during weekdays.
In the late Middle Ages, the church, which was opposed to the game and its special emphasis on luck, and considered the cards as a means to bring people to sin, proceeded to the burning of many tarot decks. The first known attack was drafted in 1377 by a Swiss monk. Apparently, the object of his criticism was not a deck of 78 cards, not just the 22 major tarot cards, but a game of 56, a possible precursor to modern deck. In 1450, a Franciscan friar of Nortre of Italy denounced pagan images that appeared on the charts. His attack resumed the crusade inicida by St. Bernardino of Siena game against the practice, widespread in Italy. In 1423, Bernardino was responsible for the destruction of a series of cards designed for important Italian families.
The deck Visconti, created by Philip Visconti, Duke of Milan, has narrowly escaped the flames, and is one of the most famous decks that have survived to this day.
The 56-card minor or minor arcana are divided into four suits, with a series of cards numbered from ace to ten four figures. They are the Queen, the King, the horse, and a young person, which in principle could be of both sexes, called Sota. Initially, the term "jack" meant child, so it is believed that the figures representing a family or a wealthy medieval royal couple a symbolic defender and servant.
The four suits - swords, coins, wands and cups - were traditionally associated with the ancient astrological symbols lion, bull, eagle and the angel (or man), that version of the Old Testament prophet Ezekiel became the four beasts of the Apocalypse. Medieval artists equated to the four elements - fire, earth, air and water-and the four seasons-summer, spring, autumn and winter -. These, in turn, were associated with the Hebrew letters IHVH or Jehovah (conscious energy that creates the universe). It was also believed that the four suits come from the four sacred objects of the legends of the Holy Grail, the sword, the avocado, the lance and the cup. Others believe that stem from the four social classes cups as a symbol of the church, the gold of making money, the swords of the warriors and clubs of the peasants. Also, the glasses could represent the aristocracy, clubs landowners, traders golds, and swords the warriors.
In the fifteenth century, a French knight, Etienne de Vignoles, minor arcana adapted to create a game of piquet. The modern deck, derived from the previous one, has hearts instead of glasses, which gives connotations of love and happiness; diamonds instead of gold, term derived from the diamond-shaped tile pavement of the Paris Stock Exchange, the Bat association with money instead of clubs clubs (arising from the plant of the same name and imply fertility and creative work) and instead of swords pikes, derived from a type of long sword or a sword horn, and involves force, conflict and spiritual warfare.
The twenty-two Major Arcana cards that represent the most important keys of the Tarot.
These are a story of the experiences that all human beings should follow in his path of knowledge and personal growth.
These twenty-two pictures show scenes that communicate with us regardless of our background or cultural level. The Major Arcana show a diversity of origin variable symbols that summarize the great myths of humanity
Some of the cards currently most important are:
Egyptian Tarot Deck (It is considered the first, and is the protocol that learns to read and interpret at first).
The Tarot of Marseilles (1960)
The deck Visconti
From the Renaissance belief that there is a microcosm (which would be our personal context of the Tarot is a map) that reflects the macrocosm (all that is above our control and human), which all that happens to small affects large and vice versa, one could imagine that eternity can handle if you know the doors (symbols) that convey both worlds. In this attractive idea to have consecrated their lives as Eliphas Lévi characters or Court of Gébelin, to name a few.
But the XXI century brings us the awareness that is by no means well, and we are spectators rather than processes in which we are engaged but are beyond our conscious will, because they have a dynamic and a own intentions, that neither are yours nor mine, although they determine our lives.
Today the soul (1) is no longer interested in the affections and personal attachments. For example, currently it matters to be a man, you are a woman or you change your sex (2), and because it is so today we have much more freedom to make decisions about our bodies. The result is that the creative force and processes that truly move the world have come out of the personal realm. Today what really moves and moves masses are eg Borsa movements or the financial crisis, processes that are beyond my private but I condition it greatly. Today banks and thrifts are sanctuaries where we go to worship, and money is the god to whom we pray What about more abstract than money? What is there to be fewer staff? We accept credit cards instead of cash, suddenly our life is sustained in the intangible, conceptually, in a field of ideas now measured massively, globally, multinationally, but not particularly. So, you the system cares very little. So you think you're going to be able to take personal advantage of this, because you ride it better than poor natives hungry in Africa, is to be very blind to what is really going on.
So is your Self and you a lot of other small I clamoring to have their own importance, viewing self-help books and ask the tarot cards on how to improve their lives or attract love, but in reality they are puppets of a system that they know it or not, they used for their own purposes.
What is important today is to understand these processes, and this is currently the PSYCHOLOGY (3).
Given the level of awareness that today we have acquired the tarot does not display its potential if we do not approach it (4) with a sincere interest in the great questions of our time.
For example, one wonders whether it is better, in our bipartisan political and entertainment, wins the election the PSOE or PP (say no more options). We horizontally, that if left or right to choose what suits us more ... But really do not care who you vote, the result will be the same.
Take the case of large corporate companies, they need always a worthy competitor to them play and which to emphasize. So Coke needs Pepsi, and vice versa. Similarly PP success lies in having an opponent of the size of the PSOE, and vice versa. So where will stop your vote in this? Who cares if you raise or lower if anyway the important decisions have already been taken but you do not you've heard? Does it matter then that tarot cards tell you that right or wrong if you are blind to what is fundamental? And essentially in the examples I would ask: What is politics? What is the point of living in the world I live in? And this itself is the path of knowledge that seems to promise the tarot, and love for this knowledge is called philosophy (φιλοσοφία ancient Greek, meaning "love of wisdom"), which is deeply linked to psychology, which is " Psycho "(soul) and" logy "(speech), or the study of the soul, the love of truth.
But what he wants most is that they remove the burden of having to decide to take that position, of having to think. The great contemporary psychologist Wolfgang Giegerich says:
"What is so intellectually easy it can be treated immediately, it can not be more true. Psychologically it is dispensable, trivial, insignificant. "
And we do not live in medieval times when people learned ethical and moral values of tarot cards, and in the eighteenth century when the bourgeoisie sought to reach enlightenment through his films, much less awareness today contemporary cartomancy accepts that one can manage their lives and environment. Another thing is that individuals create, Johnny and Juanita, but the West knows that magical universe ended long ago. So now dead superstition can understand what lay behind those mythical figures that moved our ancestors, what was hidden behind the figure of Zeus, Aphrodite ... These images are no longer necessary because they have distilled their meaning and today are found in more sophisticated forms, in the field of logic. Today we can finally think about them. Remember it's the thought just what characterizes and differentiates humans from other animals.
Up to this point of refinement Hogan says the spirit that pervades the tarot, a spirit that invites leave the image how to become logic, thought, understanding ... All matters not at this point becomes psychology to use, the type that reacts to any problem as if he had the car to the mechanic, wondering, as James Hillman said, "does not work in it, how much it will cost and when we can go to look ".
The magnetizing field tarot cards tarot is out. Tarot important thing is precisely what is not in the tarot. In other words, what matters is not what the tarot can give or for what you can serve. What is important is that you attend that brings you life, live it, you know where you are, you recognize it, you think, that you respect him, you give him space, in short, to feel love for THE truth. Then the tarot is just a reminder that this is so.
(1) No soul speak "Christian" but the bore ("image" in Latin, "breath" in Greek), which encourages us, what moves us and makes us laugh or example mourn.
(2) Warning! for particular people have their importance but not to the soul. For example, once the entire people worshiped a bride on her wedding day as a symbol of abundance and fertility, regardless of who was it, because I was envestida of mythical traits that girded to a very strict notion of what being female . Each woman was a symbol of LA Woman. The same happened with the man, who for example had to challenge a duel to the minimum rate, regardless of what I want or think that man in particular because it would honor the mythical image of being a man. We no longer have to bear this burden, and mood and the contents have left the context of gender and sexuality.
(3) Writing psychology case I mean the rigorous thinking that seeks to understand the spirit of our time, who serves the processes of the soul and is a true seeker of Truth. This is far from what is taught in universities, which focuses exclusively on practical aspects such as human resources or the production of statistics.
(4) Here when I say also say astrology tarot, alchemy, cabala, and all disciplines in place to address and understand the dynamics of the symbols (images that point to a meaning that transcends and is not exhausted in its representation).